Denomination Differences

New Apostolic Church vs. Three-Self Patriotic Movement Beliefs

New Apostolic ChurchThree-Self Patriotic Movement
a.k.a.Chinese Patriotic
Number of Members9,240,000[1]20,000,000[2]
How does one get saved?Repent of your sins; believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection; be baptized, participate in communion, and be sealed by an apostle in faith; and don't die with any unconfessed mortal sins.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[3]
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.[4]
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?The unsaved, often as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, washing away their original sin.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[5][6]
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by sprinkling water on the head.Baptism should be by sprinkling or immersion.[5]
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at Holy Sealing.
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.[7]
What is the human nature?Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.[8][4]
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.[9][8]
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.[5]
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?Yes, a living person can be a proxy for the dead to be baptized, who then can accept or reject it in the afterlife.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has three sacraments: Baptism, Holy Communion, and Holy Sealing.[10]The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.[5]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?No confession is necessary.[11][12]Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.[3]
How should a church be structured?Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the apostle in that church district, who in turn is governed by a district apostle, who is governed by the Chief Apostle.[13]Every church congregation should be governed by its members and the Chinese Communist Party.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.[14]
How does God's revelation come to us today?Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.[15][16]Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.[17]
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.[18][19]There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.[17]
Who can speak with God's authority today?The Chief Apostle proclaims revelations from God as binding doctrine.[20]
What is marriage?Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[21]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[21]
When does a fetus become human?Humanity begins at fertilization.[22][23]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible as long as they work before fertilization.[24]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.[25]Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should Christians fight in wars?Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[26]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?After death, souls are conscious in the realm of the dead, with the dead in Christ in proximity of God.[27][28]