Denomination Differences

Lutheran Beliefs

How does one get saved?

Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.

Who gets saved?

Those who God chooses to call will be saved and no one else.

Can one lose his salvation?

Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.

Who gets baptized and why?

The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized by pouring water on their heads as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.

When does one receive the Holy Spirit?

The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.

What is the trinity?

The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.

What is the human nature?

Bondage of the will: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.

Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?

Federalism: Yes, Adam represented all of the human race, and all are guilty of his sin.

Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?

No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.

Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?

No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.

Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?

Sacramental union: No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ's body and blood are non-physically joined to the elements.

Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?

No, the dead cannot be baptized.

What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?

Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.


Did Mary ever sin?

Most believe that, yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.

What day of the week should Christians worship?

Christians worship on Sunday.

What is marriage?

Most believe marriage is a covenant before God between two people of either gender, but many believe it can only be between a man and a woman.


Is sex permissible outside marriage?

No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.


When does a fetus become human?

Most have no established doctrine. The Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod believes life begins at conception.


Is contraception permissible?

Yes, contraceptives are permissible.


Where does a Christian's soul go after death?

Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.