Denomination Differences

Quaker vs. Three-Self Patriotic Movement Beliefs

QuakerThree-Self Patriotic Movement
a.k.a.FriendChinese Patriotic
Number of Members400,00020,000,000[1]
How does one get saved?Varies widelySola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[2]
Who gets saved?No established doctrine
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?Baptism not practiced.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[3][4]
How should baptism be done?Baptism not practiced.Baptism should be by sprinkling or immersion.[3]
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?There is "that of God in everyone".
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.[5]
What is the human nature?There is "that of God in everyone", making humans inherently good.
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No established doctrine
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Christian perfection is possible and a major goal of Quakers.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Communion not practiced.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.[3]
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Perfection must take place during life, not after death.[6]
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church does not have any ordinances more sacred than any other practice.[7]The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.[3]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.[2]
How should a church be structured?Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Every church congregation should be governed by its members and the Chinese Communist Party.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.[8]
How does God's revelation come to us today?Varies widely[9]Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.[10]
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.[10]
Is the Bible inerrant?Varies widely[11]
What is marriage?Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[12]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[12]
When does a fetus become human?Most believe humanity begins sometime between conception and birth.[13]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should Christians drink alcohol?No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[14][15]
Should Christians fight in wars?No, Christians should never fight.[16][17]Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?No established doctrine