Denomination Differences

Quaker vs. Seventh-Day Adventist Beliefs

QuakerSeventh-Day Adventist
a.k.a.Friend
Number of Members400,00022,000,000[1]
How does one get saved?Varies widelySola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[2]
Who gets saved?No established doctrineAnyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.[2]
Who gets baptized and why?Baptism not practiced.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[3]
How should baptism be done?Baptism not practiced.Baptism should be by immersion.[3]
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?There is "that of God in everyone".The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.[4]
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?There is "that of God in everyone", making humans inherently good.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No established doctrineNo, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.Yes, all Old Testament laws are binding on Christians except for animal sacrifices.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Christian perfection is possible and a major goal of Quakers.Most believe no, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.[5]
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Communion not practiced.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Perfection must take place during life, not after death.[6]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[7]
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.[8]
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church does not have any ordinances more sacred than any other practice.[9]The church has three ordinances: Baptism, Holy Communion, and Footwashing.[10]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.
How should a church be structured?Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Church congregations should be governed by a local conference which its congregation elects a representative to, and conferences elect representatives to higher conferences governing them.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians should worship on Saturday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Varies widely[11]Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.[12]
How was the Bible written?Dynamic inspiration: God inspired the thoughts of the human authors, but the words were chosen by the authors.[13]
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?Varies widely[14]The Bible is infallible, but not every word is without error.[15][16]
How was the earth created?Creationism: The earth was spoken into existence by God.
What is marriage?Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[17]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[18]
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[17][19]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[19]
When does a fetus become human?Most believe humanity begins sometime between conception and birth.[20]Humanity begins at conception.[21]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[22]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.[23]
Should Christians drink alcohol?No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[24][25]No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[26][27][28]
Should Christians fight in wars?No, Christians should never fight.[29][30]Varies widely
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[31]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?No established doctrineSouls are unconscious after death until God raises them from "sleep".[32][33][34]