Denomination Differences

Quaker vs. Presbyterian Beliefs

QuakerPresbyterian
a.k.a.Friend
Number of Members400,00039,000,000
How does one get saved?Varies widelySola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.
Who gets saved?No established doctrineThose who God chooses to call will be saved and no one else.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Eternal security: No, once a Christian is saved, he is always saved.
Who gets baptized and why?Baptism not practiced.Saved people and their infant children get baptized as a sign of God's grace.[1]
How should baptism be done?Baptism not practiced.Baptism should be by sprinkling water on the head.
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?There is "that of God in everyone".The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.[2]
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?There is "that of God in everyone", making humans inherently good.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No established doctrineFederalism: Yes, Adam represented all of the human race, and all are guilty of his sin.
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Christian perfection is possible and a major goal of Quakers.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Communion not practiced.No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ is present in an unknown way.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Perfection must take place during life, not after death.[3]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[4][5]
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.Cessationism: Spiritual gifts used for serving are available today, while gifts used as signs have ceased.[2]
What framework has God used in dealing with man?Covenant theology: God acts either within the covenant of works or the covenant of grace.[6]
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church does not have any ordinances more sacred than any other practice.[7]The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.[8]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.
How should a church be structured?Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Presbyterian: Churches should be governed by its own elders, who in turn are governed by a presbytery comprising the elders from the region, which is governed by a general assembly of commissioners from each presbytery.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Varies widely[9]Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?Varies widely[10]Varies widely[11]
Who can speak with God's authority today?Nobody today can speak for God.
What is marriage?Varies widelyVaries widely[12][13][14]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?Varies widelyVaries widely[15][14]
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[16]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[17]
When does a fetus become human?Most believe humanity begins sometime between conception and birth.[18]Most believe humanity begins at conception. Some say it is unknown when humanity begins.[19][20][21]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should Christians drink alcohol?No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[22][23]Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[24]
Should Christians fight in wars?No, Christians should never fight.[25][26]Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[27]
How should Christians musically worship God?Any style of worship music is acceptable.[28]
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[29][30]
Do icons glorify God?Varies widely[31][32][33][34]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?No established doctrineChristians immediately go to heaven when they die.[5]