Denomination Differences

Quaker vs. Eastern Orthodox Beliefs

QuakerEastern Orthodox
Number of Members400,000210,000,000[1]
How does one get saved?Varies widelyRepent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.[2]
Who gets saved?No established doctrineAnyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?Baptism not practiced.The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.
How should baptism be done?Baptism not practiced.Baptism should be by triple immersion.
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?There is "that of God in everyone".The Holy Spirit is received at chrismation, generally immediately after baptism.
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?There is "that of God in everyone", making humans inherently good.Human nature is intrinsically good but is wounded and incapable of choosing God in our fallen environment.[3][4]
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No established doctrineNo, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, nor did we inherit a sinful nature from him, but we did inherit the consequences.[5]
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Christian perfection is possible and a major goal of Quakers.Yes, Christian perfection is possible.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Communion not practiced.Metousiosis: Yes, the bread and the wine change in essence into the body and blood of Christ.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Perfection must take place during life, not after death.[6]There is no purgatory, but Christians will continue in theosis after death.[7]
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Mary was prone to sin like anyone else, but no, through her own free will she still never did.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.
What is the gift of tongues?Speaking in tongues is sometimes unintelligible and sometimes foreign human languages.[8][9]
What are the requirements for clergy?Priests must be men over 30 ordained by bishops.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church does not have any ordinances more sacred than any other practice.[10]The church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Chrism, Holy Eucharist, Confession, Ordination, Marriage, and Holy Unction.[11]
Who can take communion?Only members of the church can participate in Holy Communion.[12]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.Confession should be made to God before a priest.[13]
How should a church be structured?Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that episcopacy, who in turn is governed by a patriarch of an autocephalous church. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is first among equals.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Varies widely[14]Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition have equal authority and comprise one finished deposit of faith.
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 76 canonical books of the Bible: 39 protocanonical books, 10 deuterocanonical books, and 27 New Testament books.
Was the Bible written inerrantly?Varies widely[15]
Who can speak with God's authority today?The church as a whole speaks with God's authority at ecumenical councils.
How was the earth created?The earth was formed by gravity pulling dust together, which ultimately came from the Big Bang.No established doctrine
What is marriage?Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.
Is sex permissible outside marriage?Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is permissible for adultery, abuse, or abandonment.[16][17]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?Yes, a Christian may remarry a second or third time for human weakness.[17]
When does a fetus become human?Most believe humanity begins sometime between conception and birth.[18]Humanity begins at conception.[19]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Most believe that yes, contraceptives are permissible.[20][21]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should women cover their heads?Varies widely
Should Christians drink alcohol?No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[22][23]Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.
Should Christians fight in wars?No, Christians should never fight.[24][25]Yes, Christians can fight in just wars.[26][27][28]
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone.
Do icons glorify God?Yes, icons are holy and should be venerated.[29]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?No established doctrineAfter death, souls sit conscious in an Intermediate State, with a foretaste of heaven for Christians.[30]
When will the church be raptured?The church will not be raptured at any point.
When is the millennial reign of Christ happen?Amillennialism: The millennial reign of Christ is an indefinite period of time beginning on the day of Pentecost and ending at His Second Coming.