Denomination Differences

Quaker vs. Catholic Beliefs

Number of Members400,0001,360,000,000[1]
How does one get saved?Varies widelyRepent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection to save you, be baptized, participate in the Eucharist, and don't die with any unconfessed mortal sins.[2][3]
Who gets saved?No established doctrineAnyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy or by committing a mortal sin.
Who gets baptized and why?Baptism not practiced.The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.
How should baptism be done?Baptism not practiced.Baptism should be by pouring water on the head.
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?There is "that of God in everyone".The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?There is "that of God in everyone", making humans inherently good.Human nature is not totally corrupt but is wounded and inclined to evil.[4]
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No established doctrineNo, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.[5]
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Christian perfection is possible and a major goal of Quakers."Christian perfection" is attainable in this life, but this does not mean one is sinless, as one will always commit minor "venial sins".
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Communion not practiced.Transubstantiation: Yes, the bread and the wine change into the body and blood of Christ.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Perfection must take place during life, not after death.[6]Christians who die imperfectly purified must be purified through purgatory.[7]
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Immaculate conception: No, Mary was free of original sin and remained sinless throughout her life.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.Most believe that all spiritual gifts are still available to believers.
What are the requirements for clergy?Priests must be unmarried men over 25 ordained by bishops.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church does not have any ordinances more sacred than any other practice.[8]The church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.[9]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.Mortal sins must be privately confessed to a priest at least annually.[10][11]
How should a church be structured?Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that diocese, who in turn is governed by an archbishop, who is governed by the Pope.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Varies widely[12]Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition have equal authority and comprise one finished deposit of faith.
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 73 canonical books of the Bible: 39 protocanonical books, 7 deuterocanonical books, and 27 New Testament books.
Was the Bible written inerrantly?Varies widely[13]No, the Bible was written inerrantly on matters of salvation but may contain errors in other matters.
Who can speak with God's authority today?The Pope speaks infallibly with God's authority when speaking ex cathedra.[14][15]
How was the earth created?The earth was formed by gravity pulling dust together, which ultimately came from the Big Bang.The earth was formed by gravity pulling dust together, which ultimately came from the Big Bang.
What is marriage?Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[16]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is never permissible.
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?Divorce is never permissible.
When does a fetus become human?Most believe humanity begins sometime between conception and birth.[17]Humanity begins at conception.[18]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.No, contraceptives are not permissible.[19]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should women cover their heads?No, head coverings are no longer required due to cultural changes.[20]
Should Christians drink alcohol?No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[21][22]Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[23]
Should Christians fight in wars?No, Christians should never fight.[24][25]Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[26][27]
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[28]
Who can be demon-possessed?Demons can possess anyone.[29]
Do icons glorify God?Yes, icons are holy and should be venerated.
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?No established doctrineSome Christians first go to purgatory to be purified when they die.[7]