Denomination Differences

Compare Protestant denominations

People often present a dichotomy between Protestants and Catholics. While there are other denominations that fit neither category, "Protestant" is itself a broad group of separate denominations. While they have many typical beliefs in common, such as the five solas, the 66-book Bible, the rejection of purgatory, and more independent governance, these are not present in every Protestant denomination and they can vary greatly on other issues.

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AmishAnglicanBaptistCalvary ChapelChurch of ChristLutheranMennoniteMethodistMessianic JudaismPentecostalPresbyterianQuakerReformedSeventh-day AdventistThe Salvation ArmyThree-Self Patriotic Movement
a.k.a.EpiscopalWesleyanAssemblies of GodFriendCalvinistChinese Patriotic
Number of Members374,000[1]80,000,000[2]100,000,000300,0002,000,00077,000,000[3]2,130,000[4]80,000,000[5][6]350,000[7]280,000,00039,000,000400,00075,000,00022,000,000[8]1,800,00020,000,000[9]
How does one get saved?Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection to save you, be baptized, and participate in the Eucharist.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[10][11]Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[12][13]Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.Most believe sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you. Oneness Pentecostals believe you must also be baptized in water and in the Holy Spirit.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.Varies widelySola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[14]Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[15]
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Most believe anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.[16]Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.[17][18]Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Those who God chooses to call will be saved and no one else.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.[19]Those who God chooses to call will be saved and no one else.No established doctrineThose who God chooses to call will be saved and no one else.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Most believe eternal security: No, once a Christian is saved, he is always saved.[11][20][21]Eternal security: No, once a Christian is saved, he is always saved.[22]Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Eternal security: No, once a Christian is saved, he is always saved.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.[19]Eternal security: No, once a Christian is saved, he is always saved.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Eternal security: No, once a Christian is saved, he is always saved.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.[14]Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[23]Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[24]The believing but unsaved get baptized as part of their salvation.The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.Saved people and their infant children get baptized by as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.Most believe saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[25][26]Saved people and their infant children get baptized as a sign of God's grace.[27]Baptism not practiced.Saved people and their infant children get baptized as a sign of God's grace.[28]Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[29]Baptism not practiced.[30]Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[31][32]
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by sprinkling water on the head.Baptism should be by pouring water on the head.Baptism should be by immersion.[23]Baptism should be by immersion.[24]Baptism should be by immersion.Baptism should be by pouring water on the head.Baptism can be by immersion, pouring, or sprinkling.Baptism should be by sprinkling water on the head.Baptism should be by immersion.Most believe baptism should be by immersion.[25][26]Baptism should be by sprinkling water on the head.Baptism not practiced.Baptism can be by immersion, pouring, or sprinkling.Baptism should be by immersion.[29]Baptism not practiced.[30]Baptism should be by sprinkling or immersion.[31]
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.[33]The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.[12][13]The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation, but being filled with, or baptized in, the Holy Spirit happens later.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.[34]There is "that of God in everyone".The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.[35]The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.[36]
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.[20][33][37]The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.[12][13]The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.Most believe the Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.Most believe the Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit. Oneness Pentecostals believe Modalism: that God has no distinct persons and just manifests Himself in different ways.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.[38]The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.[39]
What is the human nature?Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.[11][37]Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.[40]Most believe that human nature tends to sin but not that it's depraved.Bondage of the will: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Humans have a יֵצֶר הַרַע (yetzer hara)—an inclination to do evil—and, upon reaching 12 for girls and 13 for boys, develop a יֵצֶר הַטוֹב (yetzer hatov)—a weaker inclination to do good.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.[41]Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.There is "that of God in everyone", making humans inherently good.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.[42][43]
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.Most believe that no, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, nor did we inherit a sinful nature from him.Federalism: Yes, Adam represented all of the human race, and all are guilty of his sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.Federalism: Yes, Adam represented all of the human race, and all are guilty of his sin.No established doctrineFederalism: Yes, Adam represented all of the human race, and all are guilty of his sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.[43]
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.Yes, Messianic Jews should follow the Torah, although Gentile Christians are not required to.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.Yes, all Old Testament laws are binding on Christians except for animal sacrifices.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Yes, Christian perfection is possible.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.[44]No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.Yes, Christian perfection is possible.Yes, Christians can become evangelically perfect through sanctification.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.Holiness Pentecostals believe Christians can become perfect and must do so before receiving the Holy Spirit. Other branches of Pentecostalism reject Christian perfection.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.Christian perfection is possible and a major goal of Quakers.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.Most believe no, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.[45]
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.Consubstantiation: No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ's body and blood are present alongside them.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.Sacramental union: No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ's body and blood are non-physically joined to the elements.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ is present in an unknown way.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ is present in an unknown way.Communion not practiced.No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ is present in an unknown way.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.Communion not practiced.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.[31]
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.There is no purgatory, but Christians may need to be purified after death in some way.[46][47]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[48][49]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[48][49]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[50][51][52]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[53]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[54][55]Perfection must take place during life, not after death.[56]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[57][58]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[59]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[60]
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.No established doctrineYes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Most believe that, yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Cessationism: Spiritual gifts used for serving are available today, while gifts used as signs have ceased.[61][62]Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.[63]Cessationism: Spiritual gifts used for serving are available today, while gifts used as signs have ceased.[64]Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.Cessationism: Spiritual gifts used for serving are available today, while gifts used as signs have ceased.[34]Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.Cessationism: Spiritual gifts used for serving are available today, while gifts used as signs have ceased.[65]Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.[66]
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has three ordinances: Baptism, Holy Communion, and Footwashing.[67][68]The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.[69]The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.[70]The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.Traditionally, the church has seven signs/ordinances: Baptism, Holy Communion, Footwashing, the Holy Kiss, Annointing of the Sick, and Marriage.[71][72]The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.[73]Messianic Jews should practice Immersion.[74][75][76][77][78]Most believe the church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.[79]The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.[80]The church does not have any ordinances more sacred than any other practice.[81]The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.The church has three ordinances: Baptism, Holy Communion, and Footwashing.[82]Jesus is the only true Sacrament.[83]The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.[31]
How should a church be structured?Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.[84]Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that diocese, who in turn is governed by a primate of an autonomous province. The Archbishop of Canterbury is first among equals and is appointed by the King of England.Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Varies widelyGenerally congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.[85]Connectionalism: Churches are governed by conferences of representatives. How respresentatives and pastors are chosen varies widely.Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Presbyterian: Churches should be governed by its own elders, who in turn are governed by a presbytery comprising the elders from the region, which is governed by a general assembly of commissioners from each presbytery.Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Varies widelyChurch congregations should be governed by a local conference which its congregation elects a representative to, and conferences elect representatives to higher conferences governing them.Corps should be governed by an officer, appointed by and governed by higher and higher officers in the hierarchy until reaching the General of The Salvation Army.Every church congregation should be governed by its members and the Chinese Communist Party.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Messianic Jews observe Shabbat on Saturday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians should worship on Saturday.Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.[86]
How does God's revelation come to us today?Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.[87]Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.[88]Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Varies widely[89]Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.[90]Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.[91]
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books, but the Apocrypha is regularly used for examples of life and instruction of manners.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.[92]There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.[91]
Is the Bible inerrant?Verbal plenary inspiration: Yes, the Bible was written without any error as every word was inspired by God.[11][93]Verbal plenary inspiration: Yes, the Bible was written without any error as every word was inspired by God.[94][95][12][13]Verbal plenary inspiration: Yes, the Bible was written without any error as every word was inspired by God.Varies widely[96][97]Verbal plenary inspiration: Yes, the Bible was written without any error as every word was inspired by God.[98]The Bible is infallible, but not every word is without error.[99][100]
What is marriage?Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[20][101]Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[102][103]Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[104][105]Varies widely[106][107][108]Varies widelyVaries widely[109][110][111][112]Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[113]Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[114]Varies widely[115][116][117]Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[118]Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[119]Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[120]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[20]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[121]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[122][123]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[124][125]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.Varies widely[109][110][111][112]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[126]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.Varies widely[127][117]Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[128][129]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[130]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[120]
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is never permissible.Most believe divorce is only permissible for adultery.[131]Divorce is only permissible for adultery.Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[132][103]Most believe divorce is only permissible for adultery.[133][134]Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[135][136]Divorce is only permissible for adultery.Varies widely[137][138]Divorce is permissible for adultery, abuse, or abandonment.[139]Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[114]Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[140]Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[140][141]Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[119][142]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?Divorce is never permissible.Yes, a Christian may freely remarry after divorce.[143][144][145]No, a Christian should not remarry while his former spouse lives.Yes, a Christian may freely remarry after divorce.[103]The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.No, a Christian should not remarry while his former spouse lives.Varies widely[137][138]Yes, a Messianic Jew may freely remarry after a divorce which was for a valid reason.[139]The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[114]The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[146]The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[146]The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[142]Yes, a Christian may freely remarry after divorce.
When does a fetus become human?Humanity begins at conception.Humanity begins at conception.[147]Humanity begins at conception.[101][148]Humanity begins at conception.[149]Humanity begins at conception.Most have no established doctrine. The Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod believes life begins at conception.[150][151]Humanity begins at conception.[152]No established doctrine[153][154]Humanity begins at conception.[155][156]Humanity begins at conception.[157]Most believe humanity begins at conception. Some say it is unknown when humanity begins.[158][159][160]Most believe humanity begins sometime between conception and birth.[161]Humanity begins at conception.[162][163]Humanity begins at conception.[164]Humanity begins at fertilization.[165]
Is contraception permissible?No, contraceptives are not permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[166][167]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[168]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[124][169]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible as long as the couple eventually have at least two children.[170]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[157]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[171]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[172]Yes, contraceptives are permissible as long as they work before fertilization.[165]
Should women cover their heads?Yes, women should cover their heads to symbolize submission.No, women's long hair is enough of a covering.[173][174]Most believe no, women's long hair is enough of a covering.Yes, women should cover their heads to symbolize submission.[175]
Should Christians drink alcohol?Most believe no, alcohol should be totally avoided.Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[176]Most believe no, alcohol should be totally avoided.Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[177][178]Most believe no, alcohol should be totally avoided.Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.Varies widely[179]Most believe that yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[180][181]Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[182]No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[183]Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[184]No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[185][186]Varies widelyNo, alcohol should be totally avoided.[187][188][189]No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[190]
Should Christians fight in wars?No, Christians should never fight.[191]Most believe that yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[192][193][194]Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[195][196]No, Christians should never fight.[197]Most believe that no, Christians should never fight.[198][199]Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[200]No, Christians should never fight.[201][202]Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[203]Varies widelyVaries widely[204]Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?Varies widely[205][206]No established doctrineThe Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[207][208]The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[209]No established doctrineThe Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[210][211]The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[212]The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[213]The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[214]
Do icons glorify God?No, icons and images of people violate the Second Commandment against graven images.[215][216]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.No established doctrine[47]Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.[48][49]Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.[50]Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.No established doctrine[217]Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.[55]No established doctrineChristians immediately go to heaven when they die.[57][218]Souls are unconscious after death until God raises them from "sleep".[219][220][221]Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.[60]