Denomination Differences

Oriental Orthodox vs. Quaker Beliefs

Oriental OrthodoxQuaker
a.k.a.
  • Miaphysite
  • Coptic
Friend
Number of Members52,000,000[1]400,000
How does one get saved?Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.[2][3][4]Varies widely
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.No established doctrine
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?The believing but unsaved get baptized as part of their salvation.Baptism not practiced.
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by triple immersion.Baptism not practiced.
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.There is "that of God in everyone".
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?Human nature is corrupt and naturally inclined to evil.[5]There is "that of God in everyone", making humans inherently good.
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.[5][6]No established doctrine
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?Yes, all Old Testament laws are binding on Christians.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Yes, Christian perfection is possible.Christian perfection is possible and a major goal of Quakers.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Yes, the bread and the wine change into the body and blood of Christ in an unknown way.[7][8]Communion not practiced.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[9]Perfection must take place during life, not after death.[10]
Did Mary ever sin?Mary was prone to sin like anyone else, but no, through her own free will she still never did.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, Holy Eucharist, Unction of the Sick, Matrimony, and Priesthood.[11][12][13]The church does not have any ordinances more sacred than any other practice.[14]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Sins must be privately confessed to a priest within 40 days.[15][16][17][18]Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.
How should a church be structured?Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that eparchy, who in turn is governed by a patriarch of an autocephalous church.Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday, although the Sabbath should be observed on Saturday.Christians worship on Sunday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition have equal authority and comprise one finished deposit of faith.[19]Varies widely[20]
How many books are in the Bible?Varies widelyThere are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?Varies widely[21]
What is marriage?Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[22][23][24]Varies widely
Is sex permissible outside marriage?No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.Varies widely
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is seldomly permissible upon investigation by a clergical committee, usually instigated by infidelity.[25]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[26]
When does a fetus become human?Ranges from humanity beginning at fertilization to 40 days after conception[27][28][29][30]Most believe humanity begins sometime between conception and birth.[31]
Is contraception permissible?Varies widely[29][32][33][34]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.[35][36]Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should Christians drink alcohol?No, alcohol should be totally avoided aside from Eucharist.[37]No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[38][39]
Should Christians fight in wars?Yes, Christians can fight in just wars.[40]No, Christians should never fight.[41][42]
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone.[43]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?After death, souls sit conscious in an Intermediate State, with Christians being with Christ.[44]No established doctrine