Denomination Differences

Oriental Orthodox vs. Methodist Beliefs

Oriental OrthodoxMethodist
a.k.a.
  • Miaphysite
  • Coptic
  • Wesleyan
  • Nazarene
Number of Members52,000,000[1]80,000,000[2][3]
How does one get saved?Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.[4][5][6]Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?The believing but unsaved get baptized as part of their salvation.Saved people and their infant children get baptized by as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by triple immersion.Baptism should be by sprinkling water on the head.
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?Human nature is corrupt and naturally inclined to evil.[7]Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.[7][8]No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?Yes, all Old Testament laws are binding on Christians.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Yes, Christian perfection is possible.Yes, Christians can become evangelically perfect through sanctification.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Yes, the bread and the wine change into the body and blood of Christ in an unknown way.[9][10]No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ is present in an unknown way.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[11]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[12]
Did Mary ever sin?Mary was prone to sin like anyone else, but no, through her own free will she still never did.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What framework has God used in dealing with man?Covenant theology: God acts either within the covenant of works or the covenant of grace.
What are the requirements for clergy?Varies widely
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, Holy Eucharist, Unction of the Sick, Matrimony, and Priesthood.[13][14][15]The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.[16]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Sins must be privately confessed to a priest within 40 days.[17][18][19][20]Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins. A general confession of sinfulness is usually done as a group during a service.
How should a church be structured?Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that eparchy, who in turn is governed by a patriarch of an autocephalous church.Connectionalism: Churches are governed by conferences of representatives. How respresentatives and pastors are chosen varies widely.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday, although the Sabbath should be observed on Saturday.Christians worship on Sunday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition have equal authority and comprise one finished deposit of faith.[21]Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.
How many books are in the Bible?Varies widelyThere are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?No, the Bible is not inerrant in any respect.[22]
What is marriage?Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[23][24][25]Varies widely[26][27][28][29]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.Varies widely[26][27][28][29]
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is seldomly permissible upon investigation by a clergical committee, usually instigated by infidelity.[30]Varies widely[31][32]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[33]Varies widely[31][32]
When does a fetus become human?Ranges from humanity beginning at fertilization to 40 days after conception[34][35][36][37]No established doctrine[38][39]
Is contraception permissible?Varies widely[36][40][41][42]Yes, contraceptives are permissible.
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.[43][44]Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should women cover their heads?No, head coverings are no longer required due to cultural changes.[45]
Should Christians drink alcohol?No, alcohol should be totally avoided aside from Eucharist.[46]Most believe that yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[47][48]
Should Christians fight in wars?Yes, Christians can fight in just wars.[49]Most believe that no, Christians should never fight.[50][51]
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone.[52]The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[53]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?After death, souls sit conscious in an Intermediate State, with Christians being with Christ.[54]No established doctrine[55]