Denomination Differences

Eastern Orthodox vs. The Salvation Army Beliefs

Eastern OrthodoxThe Salvation Army
Number of Members210,000,000[1]1,800,000
How does one get saved?Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.[2]Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.Baptism not practiced.[3]
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by triple immersion.Baptism not practiced.[3]
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at chrismation, generally immediately after baptism.
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.[4]
What is the human nature?Human nature is intrinsically good but is wounded and incapable of choosing God in our fallen environment.[5][6]Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.[7][8]
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, nor did we inherit a sinful nature from him, but we did inherit the consequences.[9]No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.[8]
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Yes, Christian perfection is possible.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Metousiosis: Yes, the bread and the wine change in essence into the body and blood of Christ.Communion not practiced.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?There is no purgatory, but Christians will continue in theosis after death.[10]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[11]
Did Mary ever sin?Mary was prone to sin like anyone else, but no, through her own free will she still never did.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.
What is the gift of tongues?Speaking in tongues is sometimes unintelligible and sometimes foreign human languages.[12][13]
What are the requirements for clergy?Priests must be men over 30 ordained by bishops.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Chrism, Holy Eucharist, Confession, Ordination, Marriage, and Holy Unction.[14]Jesus is the only true Sacrament.[15]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Confession should be made to God before a priest.[16]Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.
How should a church be structured?Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that episcopacy, who in turn is governed by a patriarch of an autocephalous church. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is first among equals.Corps should be governed by an officer, appointed by and governed by higher and higher officers in the hierarchy until reaching the General of The Salvation Army.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition have equal authority and comprise one finished deposit of faith.Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.
How many books are in the Bible?There are 76 canonical books of the Bible: 39 protocanonical books, 10 deuterocanonical books, and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?Yes, the Bible was written without any error.[17]
Who can speak with God's authority today?The church as a whole speaks with God's authority at ecumenical councils.
What is marriage?Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.
Is sex permissible outside marriage?No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.
When is divorce permissible?Divorce is permissible for adultery, abuse, or abandonment.[18][19]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?Yes, a Christian may remarry a second or third time for human weakness.[19]Yes, a Christian may freely remarry after divorce.
When does a fetus become human?Humanity begins at conception.[20]Humanity begins at fertilization.[21]
Is contraception permissible?Most believe that yes, contraceptives are permissible.[22][23]Yes, contraceptives are permissible as long as they work before fertilization.[21]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should women cover their heads?Varies widely
Should Christians drink alcohol?Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[24]
Should Christians fight in wars?Yes, Christians can fight in just wars.[25][26][27]Varies widely[28]
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone.The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[29]
Do icons glorify God?Yes, icons are holy and should be venerated.[30]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?After death, souls sit conscious in an Intermediate State, with a foretaste of heaven for Christians.[31]Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.[11]