Denomination Differences

Church of Christ vs. Seventh-Day Adventist Beliefs

Church of ChristSeventh-Day Adventist
Number of Members2,000,00022,000,000[1]
How does one get saved?Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.[2]
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.[2]
Who gets baptized and why?The believing but unsaved get baptized as part of their salvation.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.[3]
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by immersion.Baptism should be by immersion.[3]
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.[4]
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?Most believe human nature tends to sin, but it's not depraved.Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, nor did we inherit a sinful nature from him, but we did inherit the consequences.[5][6][7][8]No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.Yes, all Old Testament laws are binding on Christians except for animal sacrifices.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?Most believe no, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.[9]
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.[10]
Did Mary ever sin?Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.Yes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Cessationism: Spiritual gifts used for serving are available today, while gifts used as signs have ceased.[11]Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.[12]
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has two ordinances: Baptism and Holy Communion.[13]The church has three ordinances: Baptism, Holy Communion, and Footwashing.[14]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.[15]Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.
How should a church be structured?Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.Church congregations should be governed by a local conference which its congregation elects a representative to, and conferences elect representatives to higher conferences governing them.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians should worship on Saturday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.Sola scriptura: The Bible is the only infallible source of God's revelation, sufficient for all faith and practice.[16]
How was the Bible written?Verbal plenary inspiration: The Bible was written by men who had every word supernaturaly inspired by God.Dynamic inspiration: God inspired the thoughts of the human authors, but the words were chosen by the authors.[17]
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?Yes, the Bible was written without any error.The Bible is infallible, but not every word is without error.[18][19]
Who can speak with God's authority today?Nobody today can speak for God.
How was the earth created?Creationism: The earth was spoken into existence by God.
What is marriage?Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[20][21]Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[22]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[23][24]No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[25]
When is divorce permissible?Most believe divorce is only permissible for adultery.[26][27]Divorce is permissible for adultery or desertion.[22][28]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?The innocent party to the adultery may remarry.[28]
When does a fetus become human?Humanity begins at conception.Humanity begins at conception.[29]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[30]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.[31]
Should women cover their heads?Most believe no, women's long hair is enough of a covering.
Should Christians drink alcohol?Most believe no, alcohol should be totally avoided.No, alcohol should be totally avoided.[32][33][34]
Should Christians fight in wars?Varies widely
How should Christians musically worship God?Worship should be a cappella.
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.[35]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?Christians immediately go to heaven when they die.Souls are unconscious after death until God raises them from "sleep".[36][37][38]