Denomination Differences

Anglican vs. Messianic Judaism Beliefs

AnglicanMessianic Judaism
a.k.a.Episcopal
Number of Members80,000,000[1]350,000[2]
How does one get saved?Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection to save you, be baptized, and participate in the Eucharist.Sola fide: Repent of your sins and believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection alone to save you.
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Eternal security: No, once a Christian is saved, he is always saved.
Who gets baptized and why?The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.Saved people get baptized as a public demonstration of their new lives.
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by pouring water on the head.Baptism should be by immersion.
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.The Holy Spirit is received at the moment of salvation.
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.Most believe the Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Humans have a יֵצֶר הַרַע (yetzer hara)—an inclination to do evil—and, upon reaching 12 for girls and 13 for boys, develop a יֵצֶר הַטוֹב (yetzer hatov)—a weaker inclination to do good.
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.Yes, Messianic Jews should follow the Torah, although Gentile Christians are not required to.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Consubstantiation: No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ's body and blood are present alongside them.No, the elements merely symbolically represent the body and blood of Christ.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?There is no purgatory, but Christians may need to be purified after death in some way.[3][4]Once Christians leave their sinful bodies, nothing else is needed to receive glorified, sinless bodies.
Did Mary ever sin?No established doctrineYes, Mary sinned like all other humans except Jesus.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.[5][6]
What framework has God used in dealing with man?Covenant theology: God acts either within the covenant of works or the covenant of grace.
What is the gift of tongues?Varies widely
What are the requirements for clergy?Priests must be unmarried men over 25 ordained by bishops.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.[7]Messianic Jews should practice Immersion.[8][9][10][11][12]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?General sinfulness should be confessed to a priest. This is usually done as a group during a service.[13]Confession should be made directly to God, but confession to another believer is beneficial for some sins.[14][15]
How should a church be structured?Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that diocese, who in turn is governed by a primate of an autonomous province. The Archbishop of Canterbury is first among equals and is appointed by the King of England.Congregationalist: Every church congregation should be independent and governed by its members.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Messianic Jews observe Shabbat on Saturday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.[16]
How was the Bible written?Dynamic inspiration: God inspired the thoughts of the human authors, but the words were chosen by the authors.
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books, but the Apocrypha is regularly used for examples of life and instruction of manners.There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?No, the Bible is not inerrant in any respect.[17]
How was the earth created?The earth was formed by gravity pulling dust together, which ultimately came from the Big Bang.
What is marriage?Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.[18]
Is sex permissible outside marriage?Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.[19]
When is divorce permissible?Most believe divorce is only permissible for adultery.[20]Divorce is permissible for adultery, abuse, or abandonment.[21]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?Yes, a Christian may freely remarry after divorce.[22][23][24]Yes, a Messianic Jew may freely remarry after a divorce which was for a valid reason.[21]
When does a fetus become human?Humanity begins at conception.[25]Humanity begins at conception.[26][27]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[28][29]Yes, contraceptives are permissible as long as the couple eventually have at least two children.[30]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.[31][32]
Should women cover their heads?No, head coverings are no longer required due to cultural changes.Varies widely[33][34][35]
Should Christians drink alcohol?Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[36]Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[37]
Should Christians fight in wars?Most believe that yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[38][39][40]
How should Christians musically worship God?Any style of worship music is acceptable.
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?Varies widely[41][42]
Do icons glorify God?Yes, icons can be an aid to worship, but they are not used in liturgy.[43][44]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?No established doctrine[4]
When will the church be raptured?The church will not be raptured at any point.