Denomination Differences

Anglican vs. Eastern Orthodox Beliefs

AnglicanEastern Orthodox
a.k.a.Episcopal
Number of Members80,000,000[1]210,000,000[2]
How does one get saved?Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection to save you, be baptized, and participate in the Eucharist.Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection, and be baptized.[3]
Who gets saved?Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.
Can one lose his salvation?Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy.
Who gets baptized and why?The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.
How should baptism be done?Baptism should be by pouring water on the head.Baptism should be by triple immersion.
When does one receive the Holy Spirit?The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.The Holy Spirit is received at chrismation, generally immediately after baptism.
What is the trinity?The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.
What is the human nature?Total depravity: Human nature is corrupt, naturally inclined to evil, and incapable of choosing God on his own.Human nature is intrinsically good but is wounded and incapable of choosing God in our fallen environment.[4][5]
Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, nor did we inherit a sinful nature from him, but we did inherit the consequences.[6]
Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.
Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?No, although Christians can and should sin less, they can never become sinless in this life.Yes, Christian perfection is possible.
Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?Consubstantiation: No, the elements do not become the body and blood of Christ, but Christ's body and blood are present alongside them.Metousiosis: Yes, the bread and the wine change in essence into the body and blood of Christ.
Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?No, the dead cannot be baptized.No, the dead cannot be baptized.
What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?There is no purgatory, but Christians may need to be purified after death in some way.[7][8]There is no purgatory, but Christians will continue in theosis after death.[9]
Did Mary ever sin?No established doctrineMary was prone to sin like anyone else, but no, through her own free will she still never did.
What spiritual gifts are available today?Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.[10][11]Continuationism: All spiritual gifts are still available to believers.
What framework has God used in dealing with man?Covenant theology: God acts either within the covenant of works or the covenant of grace.
What is the gift of tongues?Varies widelySpeaking in tongues is sometimes unintelligible and sometimes foreign human languages.[12][13]
What are the requirements for clergy?Priests must be unmarried men over 25 ordained by bishops.Priests must be men over 30 ordained by bishops.
How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?The church has two sacraments: Baptism and Holy Communion.[14]The church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Chrism, Holy Eucharist, Confession, Ordination, Marriage, and Holy Unction.[15]
To whom do Christians need to confess their sins?General sinfulness should be confessed to a priest. This is usually done as a group during a service.[16]Confession should be made to God before a priest.[17]
How should a church be structured?Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that diocese, who in turn is governed by a primate of an autonomous province. The Archbishop of Canterbury is first among equals and is appointed by the King of England.Episcopal: Churches should be governed by the bishop in that episcopacy, who in turn is governed by a patriarch of an autocephalous church. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is first among equals.
What day of the week should Christians worship?Christians worship on Sunday.Christians worship on Sunday.
How does God's revelation come to us today?Prima scriptura: There are many sources of God's revelation, although none can contradict the Bible.Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition have equal authority and comprise one finished deposit of faith.
How was the Bible written?Dynamic inspiration: God inspired the thoughts of the human authors, but the words were chosen by the authors.
How many books are in the Bible?There are 66 canonical books of the Bible: 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books, but the Apocrypha is regularly used for examples of life and instruction of manners.There are 76 canonical books of the Bible: 39 protocanonical books, 10 deuterocanonical books, and 27 New Testament books.
Is the Bible inerrant?No, the Bible is not inerrant in any respect.[18]
Who can speak with God's authority today?The church as a whole speaks with God's authority at ecumenical councils.
How was the earth created?The earth was formed by gravity pulling dust together, which ultimately came from the Big Bang.
What is marriage?Varies widelyMarriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.
Is sex permissible outside marriage?Varies widelyNo, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.
When is divorce permissible?Most believe divorce is only permissible for adultery.[19]Divorce is permissible for adultery, abuse, or abandonment.[20][21]
May a Christian remarry while his former spouse is still alive?Yes, a Christian may freely remarry after divorce.[22][23][24]Yes, a Christian may remarry a second or third time for human weakness.[21]
When does a fetus become human?Humanity begins at conception.[25]Humanity begins at conception.[26]
Is contraception permissible?Yes, contraceptives are permissible.[27][28]Most believe that yes, contraceptives are permissible.[29][30]
Are blood transfusions permissible?Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.Yes, blood transfusions are permissible.
Should women cover their heads?No, head coverings are no longer required due to cultural changes.Varies widely
Should Christians drink alcohol?Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.[31]Yes, drinking alcohol is fine as long as one does not get drunk.
Should Christians fight in wars?Most believe that yes, Christians should fight in just wars.[32][33][34]Yes, Christians can fight in just wars.[35][36][37]
How should Christians musically worship God?Any style of worship music is acceptable.
Whom does the Holy Spirit come from?Varies widely[38][39]The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone.
Do icons glorify God?Yes, icons can be an aid to worship, but they are not used in liturgy.[40][41]Yes, icons are holy and should be venerated.[42]
Where does a Christian's soul go after death?No established doctrine[8]After death, souls sit conscious in an Intermediate State, with a foretaste of heaven for Christians.[43]
When will the church be raptured?The church will not be raptured at any point.