Denomination Differences

Catholic Beliefs

How does one get saved?

Repent of your sins, believe in Jesus Christ's death and resurrection to save you, be baptized, participate in the Eucharist, and don't die with any unconfessed mortal sins.

Who gets saved?

Anyone who chooses by his own free will to believe and accept God's gift of grace will be saved.

Can one lose his salvation?

Yes, a Christian can lose his salvation by apostasy or by committing a mortal sin.

Who gets baptized and why?

The unsaved, typically as infants, get baptized by pouring water on their heads as the first sacrament of Christian initiation, cleansing them of all sins.

When does one receive the Holy Spirit?

The Holy Spirit is received at baptism.

What is the trinity?

The Trinity is God existing as one god in three equal, eternal, cosubstantial persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Spirit.

What is the human nature?

Human nature is not totally corrupt but is wounded and inclined to evil.

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Are we guilty of Adam's original sin?

No, we are not guilty of Adam's sin, but we did inherit the consequences and a corrupt human nature from him, causing us all to sin.

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Are Christians required to keep the Old Testament ceremonial laws?

No, the ceremonial laws of Judaism were fulfilled and done away with by Jesus.

Can Christians become sinless in this earthly life?

"Christian perfection" is attainable in this life, but this does not mean one is sinless, as one will always commit minor "venial sins".

Do the elements of communion become the body and blood of Christ?

Transubstantiation: Yes, the bread and the wine change into the body and blood of Christ.

Can one be baptized of behalf of someone who has died?

No, the dead cannot be baptized.

What happens if a saved person dies without being perfect?

Christians first go to purgatory to be purified when they die.

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Did Mary ever sin?

Immaculate conception: No, Mary was free of original sin and remained sinless throughout her life.

How many church ordinances/​sacraments are there?

The church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.

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What day of the week should Christians worship?

Christians worship on Sunday.

What is marriage?

Marriage is a covenant before God between one man and one woman.

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Is sex permissible outside marriage?

No, sex outside of marriage is not permissible.

When does a fetus become human?

Humanity begins at conception.

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Is contraception permissible?

No, contraceptives are not permissible.

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Should Christians fight in wars?

Yes, Christians should fight in just wars.

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Where does a Christian's soul go after death?

Christians first go to purgatory to be purified when they die.

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